Malawi

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Charu cha Malaŵi
Flag of Malawi.svg

Bendera ya Malawi
Coat of arms of Malawi.svg


Chidindo cha Malawi

Viyowoyero ChiChewa, ChiTumbuka, ChiYao, ChiNgonde, ChiLomwe, ChiTonga, ChiLambya, chiSena, ChiNgoni
msumba ukulu Lilongwe
Mlongozgi Peter Mutharika
ukulu wa charu km² 118.484
Ndalama Kwacha ya Malawi
sumu ya charu Chiuta tumbikani Malawi
Malaŵi.

Malaŵi ni chalo ichi chili ku mafumilo gha zuba na kumwela kwa Africa. Vyalo ivyo vikuzingilila Malaŵi ni Tanzania ku mpoto na kumafumilo gha zuba, Zambia kumpoto na kumanjililo gha zuba na Moçambique kumwela, kumafumilo na kumanjililo gha zuba. Ni chalo ichi pakwamba chikachemekanga Nyasaland mpaka mu chaka cha 1964 apo chikapokela wanangwa kufuma ku baNgelezi, pa zuba la chinkhondi na limoza la mwezi wachinkhondi na chibiri (6 July).

Nyanja ya Malawi yikutola chigaŵa chimoza mu vigaŵa vitatu vya malo ghose gha Malawi. Msumba ukulu wake ni Lilongwe, wa chiŵiri ni Blantyre, wachitatu ni Mzuzu na na ŵa chinayi ni Zomba. Zina la Malawi likufuma ku lizgu loti Maravi, ilo ni zina lakale la ŵanthu aŵo ŵakhalanga mphepete mwa Nyanja ya Malawi.

Malo ago sono ghakuchemeka Afrika ghakaŵa ghokhazikika na ŵanthu ŵochemeka ma 'Bantu' aŵo ni magulu ya ŵanthu nge ŵatumbuka na ŵacheŵa kufuma vyaka vya chi 1000 kufumira chaka icho Yesu Khristu wakababikila. Vyaka vinandi vyati vyakumphapo mu 1891 malo agha ŵakaphanga ŵazungu ŵa ku Charu cha Britain, yakuyalamulila. Mu 1953 Nyasaland, ilo likaŵa zina la Malawi nyengo ya ŵazungu ŵo ŵakaza yiŵika mu mkolano wa vyaru vitatu vya Malawi, Zambia na Zimbabwe. Mkolano uwu ukawa mu 1963. Mu 1964 Nyasaland yikawukila wazungu nakuzgoka yojilamulila yekha na zika lakuti Malawi.

Zina la Malawi likufuma ku zina la Maravi, ŵa Maravi ŵakaŵa ŵanthu ŵakele ŵokhala mphepete mwa Nyanja ya Malawi aŵo sono mba Chewa/Nyanja.

Malo agho sono ghali Malawi, ghakakhazikika na ŵanthu ŵakuchemeka ŵa Bantu mu vyaka vya m'ma 1000 kufuma pa ku babika kwa Yesu.

Vyati vyaka vinandi vyajumpha mu 1891, malogha ghakaphangika na kulamulilika na ŵa ngelezi ŵa charu cha United Kingdom.

Mu 1953 Malawi, apo yikuchemeka Nyasaland, pasi pa Charu cha United Kingdom, yikaŵikika mu mkolano wa Rhodesia na Nyasaland. Mkolano uwu ukawa mu 1963. Mu 1964 ulamuliro wa ŵangelezi pa Nyasaland ukamalizgika ndipo Nyasaland yakazgoka yojilamulila yekha pasi pa Fumukazi Elizabeth II wa charu cha United Kingdom na zina la sono loti Malawi. Vyaka viŵili vyati vyajumpha ufumu wa Elizabeth II pa Malawi nawo ukamala. Kufuma pa ufulu wojilamulila, Malawi yakazgoka yolamulilika na chipani chimoza cha Malaŵi Congress (MCP) pasi pa Mlongozgi Hastings Kamuzu Banda, uyu akakhalila Mlongozgi paka chaka cha 1994. Malawi sono yili pasi pa mtundu wa ulamuliro wa ŵanthu bweka uwo ukuchemeka demoklase, ndipo nja vipani vinandi. Mlongozgi wakusankhika na ŵanthu ŵa Malawi ndipo mwahuno ni Peter Mutharika.

Apo pali Malaŵi mu Africa.