ChiSpanish

Kufuma Wikipedia
Chiyowoyelo cha Spanish
Español, castellano
Machemelo [espaˈɲol]
[kasteˈʎano], [kasteˈʝano]
Ŵayowoyi 493 ŵenecho lilimi
592mu unandi (2021)
99 wakuyowoya pachoko
(22 miliyoni ŵana ŵa sukulu)
Territory
Uko chikafumila Indo-European
 • Italic
   • Latino-Faliscan
     • Romance
       • Romance wakumanililo gha dazi
        • Ibero-Romance
         • West Iberian
         •  Castilian
         •   Spanish
         •    
Kalembelo Latin (Spanish alphabet)
Spanish Braille
Uko ntchiyowoyelo cha boma
Ntchiyowoyelo cha charu mu vyaru ivi Vyalo makhumi khumi (20)

Magho ghakujiyimila paghekha

Chiyowoyelo chichoko mu:

Mabungwe agho ghakuseŵezeska Spanish

  • African Union
  • Association of Caribbean States
  • Caribbean Community
  • CELAC
  • European Union
  • ALADI
  • Latin American Parliament
  • Mercosur
  • OSCE
  • Organization of American States
  • United Nations
  • Union of South American Nations
  • Organization of Ibero-American States
Chikulongozgeka na Association of Spanish Language Academies

(Real Academia Española and 22 other national Spanish language academies)

Makodi gha chiyowoyelo
ISO 639-1 es
ISO 639-2 spa
ISO 639-3 spa
Glottolog stan1288
Linguasphere 51-AAA-b
Hispanophone global world map language.svg

chiSpanish (panji Spanish) (español panji castellano, makulata “Castilian”) ntchiyowoyelo icho chikafumila mu chi Latin mu gulu laviyowoyelo vakuthyeka Indo-European (Vyakuŵazungu) icho chikayambika mukuyowoyeka mu malo ghakuzingilizgika na maji gha Iberia ku Ulaya. Mwahuno ntchiyowoyelo chikulu icho china ŵantthu ŵakumanya kuyowoya pafupifupi 500 miliyoni chomene ku Amerika na Spain.

Spanish ntchiyowoyelo cha chalo mu vyalo makhumi ghawili(10).Ntchiyowoyelo chachiŵili pa viyowoyelo vikulu vya chalo panthazi pa Mandarini.

Ẇayowoyi ŵanandi ŵali mu chalu cha Mexico.

Mizilo gha zina

Kwiza kwa zian

Ku Spain na vyaru vinyake vyakuyowoya chi Spanish, chi Spanish chikuchemeka kuti español pela chala kweneso castellano (Castilian), chiyowoyelo chakufumila mu Ufumu wa Castile,kulekaniska na viyowoyelo vinyake vyakuyowyeka ku Spain ngati ni Galician, Basque, Asturian, Catalan, Aragonese na Occitan.

Malango ghachi Spanish ghamu 1978 ghakugwiliska ntchito mazgo ghakuti castellano kung'anamula chiyoyelo cheneko chiku cha Spanish Statekususkana na las demás lenguas españolas (mwambuala ching'anamulo cheneko. "viyowoyelo vinyake vyachi Spanish"). Chipatulo cha III chikuŵelenga:

El castellano es la lengua española oficial del Estado. ... Las demás lenguas españolas serán también oficiales en las respectivas Comunidades Autónomas... Castilian ndicho chiyowyelo chenecho chakuzomelezgeka na boma cha boma. ... Viyowoyelo vinyake vyose vingaŵa chiyowoyelo cha boma mu malo agho vingaŵa (Autonomous Communities)...

The Royal Spanish Academy (Real Academia Española),pa woko linyake, ikugwiliska ntchito zina lakuti español mu vyakulemba vyake. Nangauli vili nthena, kufuma mu 1713 mpaka 1923,ikachichema kuti castellano.

The Diccionario panhispánico de dudas (a language guide published by the Royal Spanish Academy) kukulongola kuti,nangauli Royal Spanish Academy ikugwiliska ntchito mazgo ghakuti español mu vyakulemba vyake pakung'anamula chi Spanish, vyose viŵili—español na castellano—vikutoleka nga ni vyakuyana.

Chiyambi cha zina

Mazgo ghakuti castellano ngabali na mazgo ghakuti Castile (Castilla panji mwakuti waka Castiella), ufumu uwo kukayambila chiyowoyelo ichi.Zina lakuti Castile, mukuwezgela , likusachizgika kuti likafumila ku mazgo ghakuti castillo ('castle').

Mu nyengo ya vyaka vya pakati,chiyowoyelo chakuyowoyeka mu Castile chikachemeka kuti Chitemwa ndipo pamasinda chikachemekas kuti Lengua vulgar. Pati pajumpha nyengo,chikayamba nakumanyikwa nakuti chi Romance castellano ("romanz castellano", "romanz de Castiella"), "lenguaje de Castiella", na mwakudumula kweneso mwambula kusuzga castellano (zina la chinthu/noun).

Maganizo ghanandi ghapelekekapo pa uko chikafumila chi español (Spanish). Mwakukoleleanako kwa Royal Spanish Academy, español ni mazgo ghakufuma ku chiyowoyelo Occita espaignol ndipo kuti, mwakwizaso, ghakufuma kuchi Latin Chakuyowoyeka *hispaniolus ('kufuma Hispania'). Hispania likaŵa zina lakung'anamula Iberian Peninsula.

Mbili

Mathanilo gha mazgu na viyowyelo viyake

Wonaniso : Cuba, Spain, Mexico na Ecuador

Malo gha katandazgakilo ka ChiSpanish
Latin Spanish Ladino Aragonese Asturian Galician Portuguese Catalan Gascon / Occitan French Sardinian Italian Romanian English
petra piedra pedra pedra, pèira pierre pedra, perda pietra piatrǎ 'stone'
terra tierra terra tèrra terre terra țară 'land'
moritur muere muerre morre mor morís meurt mòrit muore moare 'dies (v.)'
mortem muerte morte mort mòrt mort morte, morti morte moarte 'death'