Kufuma Wikipedia
Plurinational State of Bolivia
Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia (Spanish)
Mbendela Chidindo cha Boma
Nyimbo: Himno Nacional de Bolivia (Spanish)
"National Anthem of Bolivia"
Dual flag: Wiphala[1][2][3]
Makhalilo gha  Bolivia  (dark green)

in South America  (gray)

Msumba WabomaLa Paz (executive and legislative)
Sucre (constitutional and judicial)
Msumba usani Santa Cruz de la Sierra
17°48′S 63°10′W / 17.800°S 63.167°W / -17.800; -63.167
Chiyowoyelo chaboma Spanish
Co-official languages
Mitundu ya Ŵanthu (2009[4][better source needed])
  • 10.1% No religion
  • 0.6% Other
Mwenecharu Bolivian
Mtundu wa Boma Unitary presidential republic
 -  President Luis Arce
 -  Vice President David Choquehuanca
 -  President of the Senate Andrónico Rodríguez
 -  President of the Chamber of Deputies Jerges Mercado Suárez
 -  Upper house Chamber of Senators
 -  Lower house Chamber of Deputies
Independence from Spain
 -  Declared 6 August 1825 
 -  Recognized 21 July 1847 
 -  Current constitution 7 February 2009 
Ukulu wa Malo
 -  Malo 1,098,581 km2 (27th)
424,163 sq mi
 -  Maji (%) 1.29
Chiŵelengelo cha ŵanthu
 -  2022 estimate 12,054,379[5] (79th)
 -  Density 10.4/km2 (224th)
26,9/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2022 estimate
 -  Total Increase $118.8 billion[6] (94th)
 -  Per capita Increase $9,933[6] (120th)
GDP (nominal) 2022 estimate
 -  Total Increase $43.4 billion[6] (96th)
 -  Per capita Increase $3,631[6] (126th)
Gini (2019)Positive decrease 41.6[7]
HDI (2021)Increase 0.692[8]
medium ·118th
Ndalama Boliviano (BOB)
Mtundu Wanyengo BOT (UTC−4)
Kalembelo kasiku dd/mm/yyyy
Woko la galimoto right
Intaneti yacharu .bo
a. ^ While Sucre is the constitutional capital, La Paz is the seat of government and the executive capital. See below.

Bolivia ntchalo icho chikusangika ku manjililo gha dazi chigawa cha pakati ku Amelika wa Kummwela

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  1. León, Ana María; Herscher, Andrew (2021). "Indigenous Modernities: The Tocapu and Other American Grids". In Hernández, Felipe; Lara, Fernando Luiz (eds.). Spatial Concepts for Decolonizing the Americas. p. 43. ISBN 9781527576537.
  2. Galván, Javier A. (2011). Culture and Customs of Bolivia. p. xxiii. ISBN 9780313383649.
  3. "Bolivia (Plurinational State of)'s Constitution of 2009, English translation" (PDF). Constitute (Oxford University Press). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2022-10-09. Retrieved 22 March 2022. The symbols of the State are the red, yellow and green tri-color flag; the Bolivian national anthem; the coat of arms; the wiphala; the rosette; the kantuta flower and the patujú flower. (Art. 6 ii)
  4. "Bolivia". The World Factbook (2024 ed.). Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 25 March 2017. (Archived 2017 edition)
  5. "Bolivia". The World Factbook (2024 ed.). Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 24 September 2022. (Archived 2022 edition)
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 "World Economic Outlook Database, October 2022". International Monetary Fund. October 2022. Retrieved October 11, 2022.
  7. "GINI index (World Bank estimate) – Bolivia". World Bank. Archived from the original on 11 August 2018. Retrieved 17 June 2021.
  8. "Human Development Report 2021/2022" (PDF) (in English). United Nations Development Programme. 8 September 2022. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2022-10-09. Retrieved 8 September 2022.