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Kufuma Wikipedia
Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela
República Bolivariana de Venezuela (Spanish)
Mbendela Chidindo cha Boma
Chiluso: Dios y Federación
("God and Federation")
Nyimbo: Gloria al Bravo Pueblo
("Glory to the Brave People")
Land controlled by Venezuela shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled land shown in light green.
Land controlled by Venezuela shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled land shown in light green.
Land controlled by Venezuela shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled land shown in light green.
Msumba Waboma
kweneso Msumba Usani
Chiyowoyelo chaboma Spanish[b]
Recognized vyakumanyikwa vyamuvigaŵa
Other spoken languages English
Mitundu ya Ŵanthu (2011)
Mwenecharu Venezuelan
Mtundu wa Boma Federal presidential republic under an authoritarian regime[1][2][3][4]
 -  President Nicolás Maduro
 -  Vice President Delcy Rodríguez
Independence from Spain
 -  Declared 5 July 1811 
 -  from Gran Colombia 13 January 1830 
 -  Recognized 29 March 1845 
 -  Current constitution 20 December 1999[5] 
Ukulu wa Malo
 -  Malo 916,445 km2 (32nd)
353,841 sq mi
 -  Maji (%) 3.2%[d]
Chiŵelengelo cha ŵanthu
 -  2022 estimate 29,789,730[6] (50th)
 -  Density 33.74/km2 (144st)
87.42/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2022 estimate
 -  Total Increase $191.329 billion[7] (81st)
 -  Per capita Increase $7,108[7] (159th)
GDP (nominal) 2022 estimate
 -  Total Increase $82.145 billion[7] (94th)
 -  Per capita Increase $3,052[7] (145th)
Gini (2013)Negative increase 44.8[8]
HDI (2021)Decrease 0.691[9]
medium ·120th
Ndalama Venezuelan bolívar (VED)
Mtundu Wanyengo VET (UTC−4)
Kalembelo kasiku dd/mm/yyyy (CE)
Woko la galimoto right
Intaneti yacharu .ve
a. ^ The "Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela" has been the full official title since the adoption of the Constitution of 1999, when the state was renamed in honor of Simón Bolívar.
b. ^ The Constitution also recognizes all indigenous languages spoken in the country.
c. ^ Some important subgroups include those of Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Amerindian, African, Arab and German descent.
d. ^ Area totals include only Venezuelan-administered territory.
e. ^ On 1 October 2021, a new bolivar was introduced, the Bolívar digital (ISO 4217 code VED) worth 1,000,000 VES.

Venezuela ntchalo icho chili ku musi mwa nyanja ku mpoto kwa Amerika wa ku mmwera.

  1. Corrales, Javier (2020). "Authoritarian Survival: Why Maduro Hasn't Fallen". Journal of Democracy. Project Muse. 31 (3): 39–53. doi:10.1353/jod.2020.0044. ISSN 1086-3214. S2CID 226738491.
  2. "The Path Toward Authoritarianism in Venezuela", Political Science, Oxford University Press, 2019-10-30, doi:10.1093/obo/9780199756223-0286, ISBN 978-0-19-975622-3
  3. Corrales, J. (2022). Autocracy Rising: How Venezuela Transitioned to Authoritarianism. G - Reference,Information and Interdisciplinary Subjects Series. Brookings Institution Press. p. intro. ISBN 978-0-8157-3807-7.
  4. "Battling Authoritarian Regimes in Venezuela and Beyond: A Conversation with Venezuelan Opposition Leader Leopoldo López". David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies. 2022-04-25. Retrieved 2023-01-13.
  5. "Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)'s Constitution of 1999 with Amendments through 2009" (PDF). constituteproject.org. Retrieved 21 October 2020.
  6. "Venezuela". The World Factbook (2024 ed.). Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 24 September 2022. (Archived 2022 edition)
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects: October 2022". IMF.org. International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 14 October 2022.
  8. "Income Gini coefficient". undp.org. United Nations Development Programme. Archived from the original on 10 June 2010. Retrieved 21 September 2015.
  9. "Human Development Report 2021/2022" (PDF) (in English). United Nations Development Programme. 8 September 2022. Retrieved 8 September 2022.