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Caribbean

Kufuma Wikipedia

Coordinates: 14°31′32″N 75°49′06″W / 14.52556°N 75.81833°W / 14.52556; -75.81833

Caribbean
Area239,681 km2 (92,541 sq mi)
Population44,182,048[1][2]
Population density151.5/km2 (392/sq mi)
Ethnic groupsAfrican, Latino or Hispanic (Spanish, Portuguese, Criollo, Mestizo, Mulatto, Pardo, and Zambo), Indian, European, Chinese, Jewish, Arab, Amerindian, Javanese,[3] Hmong, Multiracial
ReligionsChristianity, Hinduism, Islam, Afro-American religions, Traditional African religions, Rastafari, Native American religions, Judaism, Buddhism, Chinese folk religions (incl. Confucianism and Taoism), Bahá'í, Kebatinan, Sikhism, Irreligion, others
DemonymCaribbean, West Indian
Countries13-16
Dependencies12
Languages
Time zonesUTC−05:00 to UTC−04:00
Internet TLDMultiple
Calling codeMultiple
Largest cities
UN M49 code029 – Caribbean
419Latin America and the Caribbean
019Americas
001World

The Caribbean (/ˌkærɪˈbiːən, kəˈrɪbiən/ KARR-ib-EE-ən, kə-RIB-ee-ən, locally /ˈkærɪbiæn/ KARR-ib-ee-an; Spanish: el Caribe; French: les Caraïbes; Haitian Creole: Karayib; Dutch: de Caraïben)ni chigaŵa cha ku America icho chili na Nyanja ya Caribbean na virwa vyake (vigaŵa vinyake ivyo vili kuzingilizgika na Nyanja ya Caribbean Ndipo ghanyake ghakukolerana na Nyanja ya Caribbean na North Atlantic Ocean.) Kweniso malo gha mumphepete mwa nyanja agho ghali pafupi na charu ichi ghangasangikamo. Chigaŵa ichi chili kumwera kwa Gulf of Mexico na Amelika wa Kumpoto, kumafumiro gha dazi kwa Central America, na kumpoto kwa Amelika wa Kummwela.

Chigaŵa ichi chili pa Caribbean Plate, ndipo chili na virwa vyakujumpha 700. Virwa ivi vikupanga mphaka ya kumpoto na kumafumiro gha dazi kwa Nyanja ya Caribbean: Virwa vya Greater Antilles kumpoto na Virwa vya Lesser Antilles (ivyo vikusazgapo Virwa vya Leeward) kumafumiro gha dazi na kumwera. Chirwa cha Lucayan Archipelago, icho chili pafupi na Bahamas, na Turks and Caicos Islands, chikuwoneka kuti chili ku Caribbean nangauli chili kutali na Nyanja ya Caribbean. Virwa vyose vya ku Antilles pamoza na Lucayan Archipelago vikuchemeka West Indies, ndipo kanandi ŵanthu ŵakuyowoya kuti Caribbean. Pa caru cikuru, Belize, Guyana, na Suriname kanandi vikusangika mu vyaru vya Caribbean cifukwa ca ndyali na mitheto yawo.

Wonani[lemba | kulemba source]

  

Ukaboni[lemba | kulemba source]

  1. "World Population Prospects 2022". population.un.org. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved July 17, 2022.
  2. "World Population Prospects 2022: Demographic indicators by region, subregion and country, annually for 1950-2100" (XSLX). population.un.org ("Total Population, as of 1 July (thousands)"). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved July 17, 2022.
  3. McWhorter, John H. (2005). Defining Creole. Oxford University Press US. p. 379. ISBN 978-0-19-516670-5.

Baibolo[lemba | kulemba source]

  • Engerman, Stanley L. "A Population History of the Caribbean", pp. 483–528 in A Population History of North America Michael R. Haines and Richard Hall Steckel (Eds.), Cambridge University Press, 2000,  .
  • Hillman, Richard S., and Thomas J. D'agostino, eds. Understanding the Contemporary Caribbean, London: Lynne Rienner, 2003  .

Kuŵerenga[lemba | kulemba source]

  • Develtere, Patrick R. 1994. "Co-operation and development: With special reference to the experience of the Commonwealth Caribbean" ACCO,  
  • Gowricharn, Ruben. Caribbean Transnationalism: Migration, Pluralization, and Social Cohesion. Lanham: Lexington Books, 2006.
  • Henke, Holger, and Fred Reno, eds. Modern Political Culture in the Caribbean. Kingston: University of West Indies Press, 2003.
  • Heuman, Gad. The Caribbean: Brief Histories. London: A Hodder Arnold Publication, 2006.
  • de Kadt, Emanuel, (editor). Patterns of foreign influence in the Caribbean, Oxford University Press, 1972.
  • Knight, Franklin W. The Modern Caribbean (University of North Carolina Press, 1989).
  • Kurlansky, Mark. 1992. A Continent of Islands: Searching for the Caribbean Destiny. Addison-Wesley Publishing.  ISBN 0-201-52396-5
  • Langley, Lester D. The United States and the Caribbean in the Twentieth Century. London: University of Georgia Press, 1989.
  • Maingot, Anthony P. The United States and the Caribbean: Challenges of an Asymmetrical Relationship. Westview Press, 1994.
  • Palmie, Stephan, and Francisco A. Scarano, eds. The Caribbean: A History of the Region and Its Peoples (University of Chicago Press; 2011); 660 pp.; writings on the region since the pre-Columbia era.
  • Ramnarine, Tina K. Beautiful Cosmos: Performance and Belonging in the Caribbean Diaspora. London, Pluto Press, 2007.
  • Rowntree, Lester/Martin Lewis/Marie Price/William Wyckoff. Diversity Amid Globalization: World Regions, Environment, Development, 4th edition, 2008.

Vigaŵa vya kuwaro[lemba | kulemba source]

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